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Flora and Fauna International - Stemming the tide – putting an end to plastic pellet pollution - 2022 Report only

In this report FFI explain why pellet pollution is a threat to biodiversity, describe how pellets enter the environment from land and sea-based sources, and explain key processes and players that move pellets through global supply chains. We highlight how pellet loss prevention measures to date have relied on voluntary measures and have mainly focused on landbased sources of pollution, and we illustrate why there is a critical need for complementary action that will tackle sea-based sources of pellet pollution as well.

We end with clear recommendations on the key measures that need to be taken to stop the worst of this pollution on land and at sea. We make the case for an urgent move towards a regulatory approach with mandatory requirements that are supported by rigorous standards and certification schemes.

If followed, these recommendations will allow the global community to vastly reduce the quantity of pellets entering our ocean both through chronic spills over time and during maritime disasters. They will also ensure that, if these disasters do occur, they are dealt with rapidly and effectively to minimise their impact on wildlife and livelihoods.

These much-needed measures would join up the dots in global supply chains, level the playing field and drive the systemic shift in practices that could make pellet loss a thing of the past.

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